Golang : Login and logout a user after password verification and redirect example



Tags : golang bcrypt-password-authentication session gorilla-webtoolkit redirect-page

Writing this tutorial for my own future reference. User name and password authentication is a fairly common task for any decent web application that requires the user to log in.

The code below will perform a simple user authentication by displaying a page for a user to log in. Upon login, the username will be used to retrieve a hashed password from the database and the password will be compared to the hashed password. If the password authentication is successful, store the user's credential in a session storage before redirecting the user to a dashboard page.

The dashboard or any subsequent pages that require authenticated user access can retrieve the data from the session. If the session has expired or the user did not log in, the dashboard will display error and prompt the user to log in.

IMPORTANT: If you plan to adapt this code for your own use. DO NOT use conditionsMap as global variable and destroy/delete session storage with loggedUserSession.MaxAge(-1). It will cause other users to log out as well when one user logged out. Always test with multiple browsers and different login credentials to ensure each user has own session.

Here you go!


 package main

 import (
 "github.com/gorilla/sessions"
 "golang.org/x/crypto/bcrypt"
 "html/template"
 "log"
 "net/http"
 "fmt"
 )

 var encryptionKey = "something-very-secret"
 var loggedUserSession = sessions.NewCookieStore([]byte(encryptionKey))

 func init() {

 loggedUserSession.Options = &sessions.Options{
 // change domain to match your machine. Can be localhost
 // IF the Domain name doesn't match, your session will be EMPTY!
 Domain: "localhost",
 Path: "/",
 MaxAge: 3600 * 3, // 3 hours
 HttpOnly: true,
 }
 }

 const dashBoardPage = `<html><body>

  {{if .Username}}
 <p><b>{{.Username}}</b>, welcome to your dashboard! <a href="/logout">Logout!</a></p>
  {{else}}
 <p>Either your session has expired or you've logged out! <a href="/login">Login</a></p>
  {{end}}

  </body></html>`

 const logUserPage = `<html><body>
  {{if .LoginError}}<p style="color:red">Either username or password is not in our record! Sign Up?</p>{{end}}

  <form method="post" action="/login">
 {{if .Username}}
 <p><b>{{.Username}}</b>, you're already logged in! <a href="/logout">Logout!</a></p>
 {{else}}
 <label>Username:</label>
 <input type="text" name="Username"><br>

 <label>Password:</label>
 <input type="password" name="Password">

 <span style="font-style:italic"> Enter: 'mynakedpassword'</span><br>
 <input type="submit" name="Login" value="Let me in!">
 {{end}}
  </form>
  </body></html>`

 var dashboardTemplate = template.Must(template.New("").Parse(dashBoardPage))
 var logUserTemplate = template.Must(template.New("").Parse(logUserPage))

 func DashBoardPageHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
 conditionsMap := map[string]interface{}{}
 //read from session
 session, err := loggedUserSession.Get(r, "authenticated-user-session")

 if err != nil {
 log.Println("Unable to retrieve session data!", err)
 }

 log.Println("Session name : ", session.Name())

 log.Println("Username : ", session.Values["username"])

 conditionsMap["Username"] = session.Values["username"]

 if err := dashboardTemplate.Execute(w, conditionsMap); err != nil {
 log.Println(err)
 }
 }

 func LoginPageHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {

 conditionsMap := map[string]interface{}{}

 // check if session is active
 session, _ := loggedUserSession.Get(r, "authenticated-user-session")

 if session != nil {
 conditionsMap["Username"] = session.Values["username"]
 }

 // verify username and password
 if r.FormValue("Login") != "" && r.FormValue("Username") != "" {
 username := r.FormValue("Username")
 password := r.FormValue("Password")

 // NOTE: here is where you want to query your database to retrieve the hashed password
 // for username.
 // For this tutorial and simplicity sake, we will simulate the retrieved hashed password
 // as $2a$10$4Yhs5bfGgp4vz7j6ScujKuhpRTA4l4OWg7oSukRbyRN7dc.C1pamu
 // the plain password is 'mynakedpassword'
 // see https://www.socketloop.com/tutorials/golang-bcrypting-password for more details
 // on how to generate bcrypted password

 hashedPasswordFromDatabase := []byte("$2a$10$4Yhs5bfGgp4vz7j6ScujKuhpRTA4l4OWg7oSukRbyRN7dc.C1pamu")

 if err := bcrypt.CompareHashAndPassword(hashedPasswordFromDatabase, []byte(password)); err != nil {
 log.Println("Either username or password is wrong")
 conditionsMap["LoginError"] = true
 } else {
 log.Println("Logged in :", username)
 conditionsMap["Username"] = username
 conditionsMap["LoginError"] = false

 // create a new session and redirect to dashboard
 session, _ := loggedUserSession.New(r, "authenticated-user-session")

 session.Values["username"] = username
 err := session.Save(r, w)

 if err != nil {
 log.Println(err)
 }

 http.Redirect(w, r, "/dashboard", http.StatusFound)
 }

 }

 if err := logUserTemplate.Execute(w, conditionsMap); err != nil {
 log.Println(err)
 }
 }

 func LogoutHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
 //read from session
 session, _ := loggedUserSession.Get(r, "authenticated-user-session")

 // remove the username
 session.Values["username"] = ""
 err := session.Save(r, w)

 if err != nil {
 log.Println(err)
 }

 w.Write([]byte("Logged out!"))
 }

 func main() {
 fmt.Println("Server starting, point your browser to localhost:8080/login to start")
 http.HandleFunc("/login", LoginPageHandler)
 http.HandleFunc("/dashboard", DashBoardPageHandler)
 http.HandleFunc("/logout", LogoutHandler)
 http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil)
 }

Run the code and point your browser to localhost:8080/login and use the word mynakedpassword as password.

Hope this helps and happy coding!

References:

http://www.gorillatoolkit.org/pkg/sessions

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  See also : Golang : How to feed or take banana with Gorilla Web Toolkit Session package



Tags : golang bcrypt-password-authentication session gorilla-webtoolkit redirect-page

By Adam Ng

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